Climate change can be described as one of the greatest threats that humanity is facing right now and for the future, the situation only tends to intensify. The international community was asked to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, converse forests, monitor water sources while honoring the pledges made in the Paris Agreement.
The Norwegian government submitted its enhanced Paris Agreement target (NDC) in February 2020. They have a target to reduce emissions of the greenhouse by at least 50% and towards 55% below 1990 levels by 2030. It’s also said that if the
European Union’s enhanced NDC sets a less ambitious target than Norway, the government intends to achieve the difference within its own target. It will be done through voluntary cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
Botswana’s delegate highlighted that Botswana is suffering from the adverse effects of climate change. Along with many other developing nations, Botswana has also failed to achieve Sustainable Development Goals. They are currently suffering from climate change-related drought which might lead to a significant drop in agricultural production along with increased food insecurity. A climate policy is under development by the Botswana government to reduce greenhouse emissions up to 15% by 2030. However, they might require partnership assistance, technology transfer, and financial support.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Addressing the factor that The Democratic Republic of the Congo has the world’s second-largest forest and 47% of Africa’s forest cover, the representative stated they are doing everything in their power to reduce CO2 emission to mitigate climate change. They are dedicated to stabilizing the forest at 63% of the national territory. A goal to reduce emissions by 17% before 2030.
Malaysia’s representative noted that their country is improving palm oil production to ensure its sustainability is certified by 2020. The certification addresses global concerns about biodiversity loss, greenhouse gas emissions, and wildlife destruction along with sustainable oil production.
India’s delegate requested to develop a State Action Plan on Climate Change as they have developed a common framework document. It will be used to help them rectify and plan adaptation and mitigation priorities according to the country’s National Action Plan. However, the progression of the plan is hampered by insufficient institutional capacities, budget restraints, and less attention to climate-resilient development.
Kenya has progressed a lot in this department while passing a Climate Change Bill and addressing National Climate Change Action Plan. They also have a National Climate Change Strategy in place along with preparing a draft national climate change framework policy. The government’s priority actions towards climate change are increasingly resilient and there are specific institutions established to coordinate and implement these priority actions immediately, as reported by their representative.
Climate-Positive Actions Proposed by The UN Secretary-General
The UN Secretary-General has proposed 6 climate-positive actions for the world governments to take initiative for. It includes,
Green Jobs along with sustainable and inclusive growth
- Green Economy for making societies and people more adaptable through a fair and square transition
- Green Transition through investments to accelerate the decarbonization of all aspects of the economy
- Investment in Sustainable Solutions and the end of fossil fuel subsidies along with punishment for the polluters
- Confronting all climate risks