The research and development section in the defence sector is simply impending. Defence sector all across the globe is now concentrating on the new technologies and innovation to strengthen their sector in the era of modernization. It is important to keep tempo with the technological improvement that is transpiring all across the world. Upcoming technologies like “cybersecurity”, “3D Printing”, “Robotics” and so on are needed to be engaged in the upcoming years. Just like the rest of the industries defence also required developed national security forces, This is only possible when new and modern technologies will enter in Indian forces and make the nation a competitive age over other countries.

With the advancement of technologies in networking and communication, it has renovated the fundamentals of welfare. Technology in the present time acts as the additional force to assure real-time visuals of battle and many more utilities. Digital platforms and applications based on weapon strategies also come up with weapons of a high grade of accurateness. Digitalisation has resulted in introduced joint operation making it possible for the technical interoperability at the time of operations.

National Defence College also celebrated its Diamond Jubilee Seminar with the theme of “ India’s National Security: The Decade Ahead”. The main idea was of the forthcoming technologies and its enactment. Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar also emphasized on the need for in-house production and listed the reasons for India to be confident enough – “ Let me start by saying that today India is one of the largest design and development centres of the world. Today we have over a thousand global companies, which have one of their biggest design and development centres in India. The design and development export from these global companies alone exceeds 15 billion dollars per year and is growing. India has displaced other major design and development centres of the world from the global map in this regard.”

How will technologies help defence?

Ajay Kumar has characterized several illustrations which can be used for defence. Below mentioned some instances that he guesses are suitable for India to execute in the defence system.


Ajay Kumar also provided the example that India also had an edge in space. “We have also seen that in sectors like space, we have been able to make laudable progress. Today we have become one of the few countries who have been able to send satellites like to Mars; we are planning to send a man to space, and we have capabilities where we are in a position to help other countries to launch their satellites. So, this inherently provides us with the capability for R&D that exists in the country in various allied sectors.” He also said that these capabilities can now be equipped in the defence and aerospace sector too.

  • Start-ups culture

Ajay Kumar also pointed out the vibrant start-up’s ecosystem as one of the main encouragement to the defence system. He said, “India has the world’s third-largest startup ecosystem, with nearly 50,000 start-up’s which are active in this country.”

The Defence Secretary provided a rough figure of USD 4 billion being enforced into the start-up’s system every quarter that accounts for 16 billion dollars yearly. India now accounts for 31 unicorns and the number I expected to arise in the future. A lot of start-ups are on technological niches and this could bring a great possibility to meet the defence requirements as well.

  • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)

Recently TCS is using self-reliance in technology on the software side. They have over 80-90 thousand engineers all total and the defence secretary thinks this talent will be able to channelize to meet defence industry’s requirements. He said  “The third great strength that we leverage in this journey towards using greater self-reliance in technology is on the software side. I don’t have to say India is today globally recognized as a leader of software and software services. We are also aware that recently Tata Consultancy (TCS) became the world’s number one software company leaving behind the likes of Accenture, IBM and many others who were the world leaders in the past. We, today, as a country are producing over 80-90 thousand engineers and other graduates.”

  • Delhi University

Finally, Ajay Kumar also left a positive hope on the academic system. “And the last point I would like to mention concerning our strengths is the leveraging of our academic system. I have already talked about the large number of graduates that we have produced every year. The new education policy that has come has had some transformational reforms in our higher education system. For the first time, we are looking to open our academic system to the international world, and Indian universities to art operators opening outside. Moreover, making the Indian university ecosystem multidisciplinary would mean knowledge from other disciplines blows into each other. That and the creation of the National Research Foundation will provide greater thrust on the R&D ecosystem which augurs very well for India.”


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